NFM: The Expert in Latex Coagulation
With more than 35 years of experience in direct latex extrusion (emulsion conversion) processes, NFM is uniquely qualified and fully equipped to help you achieve superior product results, optimize operations and reduce expenses. Our WE Series counter-rotating, non-intermeshing twin-screw extruders have been proven to be ideal process machines for latex coagulation for both rubber elastomer and thermoplastic applications.
The Simplicity of a Single Machine
Reduced Plant Space: An NFM extruder replaces a full array of equipment — typically, three large tanks for latex coagulation and washing, a mechanical dewatering stage and an evaporative drying stage. In real dimensions that’s 60 feet x 10 feet vs. 200 feet x 50 feet for all the separate equipment.
Reduced Material Handling: Extruder screws transfer material from one process stage to another, thus eliminating slurry pumps and preventing fouling from non-wiped surfaces.
Reduced Downtime: The complete line can be started up or shut down in a half hour. Product can be changed in a half hour compared to conventional systems that can require several hours.
Environmental & Safety Advantages
Reduced Emissions: All waste streams are fully contained. For thermoplastics such as ABS, the hot air dryer is eliminated.
Reduced Solids Losses: A small amount of solid latex particles are removed in the effluent water. These particles can easily be screened out and recycled back to the extruder, resulting in reduced solids loss.
Reduced Wastewater Volume: The amount of water required to wash the polymer is significantly reduced due to the small wash stage volume of the extruder and high water flow rate. Reduced wastewater volume lowers waste treatment requirements and results in fewer potential emissions.
Safer, Cleaner Handling: The crumb or powder produced by conventional finishing processes for impact modifiers like ABS poses a serious risk of dust explosions and requires special packaging, equipment and procedures. In our process, a dust-free and easy-to-handle pellet is formed.
Successfully Isolated Polymers
- Viscosity Range: 20-80 Mooney Viscosity.
- Emulsion Solids Content: 10 percent and higher.
- Temperature Control: Temperature of the material is controlled by steam and water injection rate to achieve desired devolatilization without degrading the polymer. Material temperature can be controlled between 130° and 200°C, depending on screw speed, throughput rate, wash rates and temperatures.
- Viscosity Range: 5,000 – 5,000,000 centipoise @ 100 reciprocal seconds
- Emulsion Solids Content: 5% solids and higher
- Temperature Control: Material temperature controlled by steam and water injection rates to achieve desired devolatilization without degrading the polymer. Thermoplastic material temperatures typically range between 200°and 260°C.
Blending of multiple latex polymers is also possible with this process technology.
Advancements have also been developed which allow for fillers, fibers, or nanoparticles to be dispersed in latex and then coagulated with the polymer to produce high quality dispersions.
NFM WE Series Latex Coagulation Extruder Capacities
Superior Product Quality and Consistency
Maximizes Thermal History: The WE Series extrusion process converts polymers from emulsion to pellet in less than two minutes. Wash water temperature and flow rates are used to control temperature; this technique has proven to be extremely reliable.
Reduces Drying Stage: Hot air drying stages that can degrade the product are eliminated. Sticky, low molecular weight materials that cause contamination and dryer fires are easily dried in this process.
Process Residual Monomers: Residual monomers are removed under vacuum. The monomers can then be recovered from the waste stream and recycled, rather than being lost to the atmosphere.
Eliminates Material Build Up: Coagulation tanks, wash tanks, transfer piping, and most hot air dryers tend to accumulate material, which leads to product yield loss. The surface area of the extruder is frequently wiped by the screws, which allows rapid purge times and reduced chance of contamination.
Put NFM to work on your next latex coagulation thermoplastics challenge. Call us at 330-837-3868, or initiate a quote today.